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Deciding on a JavaScript framework for your web application can be overwhelming. Angular and React are very popular these days, and there is an upstart which has been getting a lot of traction lately: VueJS. What’s more, these are just a few of the new kids on the block.

The starters today: Angular, React and Vue

First, I’d like to discuss lifecycle & strategic considerations. Then, we’ll move to the features & concepts of the three javascript frameworks. Finally, we’ll come to a conclusion.

Here are the questions we’ll address today:

  • How mature are the frameworks / libraries?
  • Are the frameworks likely to be around for a while?
  • How extensive and helpful are their corresponding communities?
  • How easy is it to find developers for each of the frameworks?
  • What are the basic programming concepts of the frameworks?
  • How easy is it to use the frameworks for small or large applications?
  • What does the learning curve look like for each framework?
  • What kind of performance can you expect from the frameworks?
  • Where can you have a closer look under the hood?
  • How can you start developing with the chosen framework?

Ready, set, GO!

Angular is a TypeScript-based Javascript framework. Developed and maintained by Google, it’s described as a “Superheroic JavaScript MVWFramework”. Angular (also “Angular 2+”, “Angular 2” or “ng2”) is the rewritten, mostly incompatible successor to AngularJS (also “Angular.js” or “AngularJS 1.x”). While AngularJS (the old one) was initially released in October 2010, it is still getting bug-fixes, etc. — the new Angular (sans JS) was introduced in September 2016 as version 2. The newest major release is version 4, as version 3 was skipped. Angular is used by Google, Wix, weather.com, healthcare.gov and Forbes (according to madewithangular, stackshare and libscore.com).

React is described as “a JavaScript library for building user interfaces”. Initially released in March 2013, React was developed and is maintained by Facebook, which uses React components on several pages (not as a single-page application, however). According to this article by Chris Cordle, React is used far more at Facebook than Angular is at Google. React is also used by Airbnb, Uber, Netflix, Twitter, Pinterest, Reddit, Udemy, Wix, Paypal, Imgur, Feedly, Stripe, Tumblr, Walmart and others (according to Facebook, stackshare and libscore.com).

Facebook is working on the release of React Fiber. It will change React under the hood — rendering is supposed to be much faster as a result — but things will be backward-compatible after the changes. Facebook talked about the changes at its developer conference in April 2017, and an unofficial article about the new architecture was released. React Fiber was released with React 16 in September 2017.

Vue is one of the most rapidly growing JS frameworks in 2016. Vue describes itself as a “Intuitive, Fast and Composable MVVM for building interactive interfaces.” It was first released in February 2014 by ex-Google-employee Evan You (BTW: Evan wrote an interesting blog post about the marketing activities and numbers in the first week back then). It’s been quite a success, especially given that Vue is getting so much traction as a one-man show without the backing of a big company. Evan currently has a team of dozen core developers. In 2016, version 2 was released. Vue is used by Alibaba, Baidu, Expedia, Nintendo, GitLab — a list of smaller projects can be found on madewithvuejs.com.

All three Frameworks are available under the MIT license.

According to the last Stackoverflow 2017 survey, React is loved by 67% of surveyed developers and AngularJS by 52%. “No interest to continue developing” registers higher numbers for AngularJS (48%) vs. React (33%). Vue is not in the Top 10 in either case. Then there’s the statejs.com survey comparing “front-end frameworks”. The most interesting facts: React and Angular have 100% awareness, and Vue is unknown to 23% of the people surveyed. Regarding satisfaction, React scored 92% for “would use again”, Vue 89% and Angular 2 only 65%.

What about another customer satisfaction poll? Eric Elliott started one in October 2016 to evaluate Angular 2 and React. Only 38% of the people surveyed would use Angular 2 again, while 84% would use React again.

What should I choose?

If you work at Google: Angular

If you love TypeScript: Angular (or React)

If you love object-orientated-programming (OOP): Angular

If you need guidance, structure and a helping hand: Angular

If you work at Facebook: React

If you like flexibility: React

If you love big ecosystems: React

If you like choosing among dozens of packages: React

If you love JS & the “everything-is-Javascript-approach”: React

If you like really clean code: Vue

If you want the easiest learning curve: Vue

If you want the most lightweight framework: Vue

If you want separation of concerns in one file: Vue

If you are working alone or have a small team: Vue (or React)

If your app tends to get really large: Angular (or React)

If you want to build an app with react-native: React

If you want to have a lot of developers in the pool: Angular or React

If you work with designers and need clean HTML files: Angular or Vue

If you like Vue but are afraid of the limited ecosystem: React

If you can’t decide, first learn React, then Vue, then Angular.

Extracted from https://medium.com/unicorn-supplies/angular-vs-react-vs-vue-a-2017-comparison-c5c52d620176